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Title Letter [manuscript]: Yreka, [Calif.], to R.C. Willi[a]mson and Carie [Eaton, Ohio?], 1856 July 22
Author Hughes, John
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: 1856 letter sent to R.C. Williamson and Carie, acquaintances back home, possibly in Eaton, Ohio, by Yreka, Calif., gold miners John Hughes and Lewis Hughes, describing the geography, healthy climate, abundant game, bountiful agriculture, Indians, living conditions, and mining prospects of far-northern Siskiyou County, Calif. In particular, Hughes mentions Mt. Shasta, grizzly bears, digger Indian beliefs regarding their origins, an eighteen year-old woman (Olive Ann Oatman) held captive by the Indians, and violent Independence Day celebrations.
Names Hughes, Lewis; Williamson, R. C.; Oatman, Olive Ann
Places Siskiyou County, Mount Shasta, Yreka, California, United States
Keywords frontier, pioneer, gold, climate, hunting, agriculture, indigenous peoples, bear, mythology, religion, captive, captivity, travel
Theme Trade and Indian Economies; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Basin
Additional Information Gold nugget attached to final image.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3097
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue