The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Letter and history [manuscript]: [Santa Fe, N.M.?], to Brig Gen. W. A. Hammond, Washington, D.C., [1863?]
Author McNulty, James M.; West, Joseph R. (b.1822); Shinn, John B.; Eyre, Edward E.; Carleton, James H. (1814-1873)
Document Type Correspondence; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Letter from James M. McNulty to Brig. Gen. W. A. Hammond, then U.S. surgeon general, complying with Hammond’s July 27, 1863, request that McNulty send his history on the genesis of the California Column and its 1,000-mile march from California across Arizona and New Mexico to the Rio Grande, Apr. 13-Aug. 8, 1862. Included in the narrative are lengthy excerpts from the journals of Lt. Col. Joseph R. West (California desert between Camp Wright and Fort Yuma; Fort Yuma to Tucson); Lieut. John B. Shinn (alternative route, Pima villages to Tucson); and Col. Edward E. Eyre (Tucson to the Rio Grande). All contain information on roads, terrain, forage, and water supply; in addition Eyre describes encounters with the Apaches and the advance troops’ arrival at the Rio Grande, July 4, 1862. Also recorded in full are Col. (later Brig. Gen.) James H. Carleton’s June 29, 1862, proclamation creating the Arizona Territory; July 20, 1862, general order re: the march from Tucson to the Rio Grande; and Aug. 14, 1862, general order issued on his assumption of command of the Department of New Mexico. Attached to the final page is a printed Sept. 21, 1862, general order also issued by Carleton, commending the conduct of the men of the California Column.
Names Hammond, W. A. (1828-1900)
Places California, Arizona, New Mexico, Camp Wright, Fort Yuma, Tucson, Rio Grande, Santa Fe, United States
Keywords army, California Column, expedition, US Civil War, exploration
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, California
Additional Information An army surgeon originally from New York, McNulty enlisted from California in Aug., 1861, as a surgeon in the 1st California Infantry and participated in the California Column’s expedition to New Mexico. On Feb. 14, 1863, he became surgeon to the U.S. Volunteers and medical director of the Department of New Mexico.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 556
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue