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Title Letter and memorandum [manuscript]: 1784-1797
Author Brant, Joseph (Thayendanegea) (1742-1807)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Memorandum (Nov. 6, 1784) to Sir John Johnson and letter (Oct. 3, 1797) to Thomas Morris, concerning post-war Iroquois relations with the British and the Treaty of Big Tree between the Seneca and the United States government. In 1784, Brant requested Johnson’s assistance in determining if the British government would support the Five Nations in a war with the Americans and indemnify them for losses incurred during the late conflict. Following the Sept., 1797, negotiation of the treaty of Big Tree, Brant congratulated Morris on the agreement, which enabled him, acting as legal representative for his financially-troubled land speculator father, Robert Morris, to buy up the Seneca title to western Genesee lands. Apparently Brant had been cultivated, as well as paid, by the Morris family to exercise his influence on their behalf with the Senecas.
Names Johnson, Sir, John (1771-1849); Morris, Robert (1734-1806); Morris, Thomas (1771-1849); Scott, Major
Places New York, Old Fort Niagara, United States; Québec, Canada
Keywords war, government, colonial forces, army, armed forces, treaty, land speculation, land tenure, government relations
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast, Subarctic
Additional Information Joseph Brant was a Mohawk chief also known as Thayendanegea. Associated with the Johnson family of Indian superintendents, Joseph Brant supported the British during the American Revolution and led numerous raids against New York and Pennsylvania settlements. Following the war Brant failed in attempts to negotiate favorable treaties with the new U.S. government and obtained from the British for the Iroquois a large land grant on the Grand River in Ontario. Moving his people there, Brant lobbied for their rights and looked after their welfare.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 106
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue