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Title Letters [manuscript]: 1797-1812
Author Hawkins, Benjamin (1754-1816)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Letters concerning southern Indian affairs, 1796-1812, from Hawkins to Col. David Henley, U.S. War Dept. agent based in Knoxville; James Jackson, governor of Georgia, 1798-1801; and Harry Toulmin, a prominent Mobile resident and later federal judge in the Mississippi Territory. Subjects include setting the boundary line between the U.S. and the Creek Nation along the Clinch River and settlers on Indian lands there (1797); horse thefts and Creeks spoiled by British and Spanish gifts (1798); Florida depradations of William Augustus Bowles, a self-styled director-general of the Creek Nation (1800); and punishment of Creek Indians for murders committed on the post road, relations with Spanish Florida, and Seminole attacks (1812).
Names Henley, David (1749-1823); Jackson, James (1757-1806); Toulmin, Harry (1766-1823); Bowles, William Augustus (c.1763-1805)
Places Knoxville, Tennessee, Georgia, Mobile, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, United States
Keywords Indian Agent, government, government relations, governor, border, squatter, white settlers, horse stealing, murder, attack, Office of Indian Affairs, war, War of 1812, New Spain
Theme American Indians and the US Government; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information North Carolina planter, U.S. senator, and Indian agent. In 1796, George Washington appointed Hawkins, a veteran of treaty negotiations with the southern Indians, as "Principal Temporary Agent for Indian Affairs South of Ohio." Hawkins served as agent to the Creeks and as general superintendent of Indian affairs in the region until 1803. From 1803 to 1816 he continued as agent for the Creeks and Seminoles within the boundaries of U.S.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 368
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue