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Title Letters [manuscript]: Fort Leavenworth, [Kan.] and St. Louis, Mo., to E.A. Hitchcock, St. Louis, Mo., and Fort Jesup, La., 1837-1845
Author Kearny, Stephen Watts (1794-1848)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Three letters, Dec. 5, 1837 - Jan. 31, 1845, from Kearny to fellow army officer Ethan Allen Hitchcock, mainly regarding army affairs and national politics. Among the numerous army matters discussed are the actions of superior officers (E.P. Gaines), appointments, the delay in payments of annuities to the Indians due to the illness of a Lt. Hill, confidential instructions to Genls. Taylor and Arbuckle regarding the dispatch of troops to quell Indian troubles in Texas, and the likelihood that the 2nd Dragoons would be sent there. Political topics include the presidency of Martin Van Buren, the election of Senator Dix of New York, and slavery and the Texas statehood issue.
Names Hitchcock, Ethan Allen (1798-1870); Gaines, Edmund Pendleton (1777-1849); Arbuckle, Matthew (1776-1851); Dix, John Adams (1798-1879); Taylor, Zachary (1784-1850); Van Buren, Martin (1782-1862)
Places Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, Saint Louis, Missouri, Texas, United States
Keywords army, armed forces, military, soldiers, war, fort, government, government relations, politics, slavery, President of the United States
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the US Government
Culture Area Great Plains, Southwest, Southeast
Additional Information Soldier. Born in 1794 in Newark, N.J., and educated at Columbia College, Stephen Watts Kearny began his army career during the War of 1812 as an officer of the 13th Infantry. From 1819 on Kearny was stationed on the western frontier and took part in several exploring expeditions. By 1836, Kearny was colonel of the 1st Dragoons, headquartered at Fort Leavenworth, and in 1842, he assumed command of Military Dept. No. 3, first at Fort Leavenworth and later in St. Louis. A brigadier general by 1846, Kearny led American forces in New Mexico and California, and filled governorships there. During a brief tenure as governor at Vera Cruz, Kearny contracted yellow fever, of which he died in 1848.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3112
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue