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Title Letters [manuscript]: Silver Bluff [S.C.], to Benjamin Lincoln, General and Commander in Chief of the Troops in the Southern Department, 1778-1780
Author Galphin, George (d.1780)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Outgoing correspondence of George Galphin to Benjamin Lincoln written from Dec. 15, 1778 to Jan. 9, 1780. While serving as commissioner of Indian affairs, Galphin occasionally wrote to Benjamin Lincoln, commander of the American army in the Southern department. The purpose of Galphin’s four letters was to inform Lincoln of the current situation with the Creek Indians and his efforts to maintain their friendship. The correspondence also refers to the importance of the French and Spanish presence in the region. The collection includes three Talks (two by Creek King Tallassee and one by Galphin) which report on the conferences held at Ogeechee where Galphin met with the Creek leaders.
Names Lincoln, Benjamin (1733-1810)
Places Ogeechee Old Town, Georgia, Silver Bluff, South Carolina, Florida, United States
Keywords trade, Indian agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, government, government relations, US War of Independence, peace
Theme American Indians and the US Government; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information George Galphin, Indian trader and Revolutionary patriot, established a trading house in 1739 at Silver Bluff, S.C. on the Savannah River near Augusta, Ga. Galphin, a Scotsman, engaged in the Indian trade at this location, primarily with the Creek Indians, until his death in 1780. At the outbreak of the Revolution, Galphin sympathized with the colonists and was appointed commissioner of Indian affairs for the Southern District in 1775. In the early years of the war, Galphin successfully used his influence and goods to encourage the Creeks to remain anti-British during the conflict.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 313
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue