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Title Letters [manuscript]: near Fort Repel, Kaskaskia, Russelville, U.S. Saline, and Elvirado, Illinois Ter., to Gov. [Isaac] Shelby, Frankfort, Ky., 1813-1814
Author Edwards, Ninian (1775-1833)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Six letters, Mar. 7, 1813 - Apr. 4, 1814, from Ninian Edwards to Kentucky governor and soldier Isaac Shelby, regarding War of 1812-related Indian attacks in the Illinois Territory and the state of defenses there. 1813 letters discuss mounted volunteer companies raised by Edwards, British intentions regarding the upper Mississippi, Indian attacks on settlers in the U.S. Saline and elsewhere, etc. Warning of an impending Indian-British offensive on Illinois Territory, Edwards’ 1814 letters list the numbers of warriors in each tribe available for such a campaign, protest the untimely withdrawal of regular troops from the region, and request the military assistance of Kentuckians.
Names Shelby, Isaac (1750-1826)
Keywords frontier, pioneer, military, militia, war, War of 1812, attack
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Additional Information Lawyer, governor of Illinois Territory, and U.S. senator and governor of the state of Illinois. Born in 1775 in Maryland, and educated at Dickinson College, Ninian Edwards moved in 1795 to Kentucky, where he practiced law and entered state politics. President Madison appointed Edwards governor of the new Illinois Territory in 1809 and he held office until 1818, when the territory became a state. During the War of 1812, Edwards was active in securing the defense of Illinois against Indian incursions. He raised and personally supported mounted militia companies to patrol the perimeters of settlement and led an offensive against the Indians near Peoria in 1812. Following service as a U.S. senator, 1818-1824, and as governor, 1826-1830, Edwards died of cholera in Belleville, Ill., July 20, 1833.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 401
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue