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Title Letters and appointment [manuscript]: 1792-1795
Author Wayne, Anthony (1745-1796)
Document Type Correspondence; Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Three letters, 1792-1795, and one appointment, July 1, 1793, regarding Indian affairs in the Northwest Territory and preparations for war. To Secretary of War Knox on Oct. 3, 1792, Wayne comments that there will be no peace with the Indians unless the U.S. agrees to a boundary line excluding it from the Great Lakes region. On Sept. 4, 1793, Wayne excerpts a letter from Henry Knox to inform Charles Scott, major general of the Kentucky mounted militia, that while preparations for war were to proceed, there were to be no actions that would jeopardize the efforts of the peace commissioners. In the third letter, written Aug. 19, 1795, to Northwest Territory Governor Arthur St. Clair, Wayne reports that he has received a talk from the Cherokees in which they promised to refrain from attacks on U.S. citizens or their property and to return from north of the Ohio to their own nation. Wayne also notes that the depradations of a Shawnee war party would cease and that citizens of the frontier would now be able to live in peace unless their misconduct prevented it. The appointment lists officers selected to command the Kentucky mounted militia, including Charles Scott, and requests that troops be raised and made ready to march.
Names Knox, Henry (1750-1806); Scott, Charles (1739-1813); St. Clair, Arthur (1734-1818)
Places Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, United States
Keywords armed forces, war, peace, boundary, territory, removal, relocation, frontier, militia
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Additional Information Soldier of the Revolutionary War and early republic, in April, 1792, Wayne was appointed major-general in command of the American army in the Northwest Territory (Legion of the United States). He spent 1792 and 1793 first in Pittsburgh and later at Hobson’s Choice and Fort Greenville, Ohio, organising and training his forces for war against the Indians. When U.S. peace commissioners returned in late August, 1793, after having declined to meet with the Indians who demanded an Ohio River boundary with the U.S., Wayne was free to begin his successful military campaign, which culminated in the Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) and the Treaty of Greenville (1795).
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 966
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue