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Title McGillycuddy, agent / by Julia Mcgillycuddy, [ca. 1940]
Author McGillycuddy, Julia Blanchard
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Carbon copy of typewritten manuscript biography of Valentine McGillycuddy, written by his second wife, mainly describing her husband’s experiences on the Great Plains, 1875-1886, and focusing on his years as Indian agent at Pine Ridge. Included are descriptions of McGillycuddy’s encounters with Calamity Jane, Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, and Sitting Bull.
Names McGillycuddy, Valentine (1849-1939); Crazy Horse (c.1842-1877); Crook, George (1829-1890); Calamity Jane (1852-1903); Red Cloud (1822-1909); Sitting Bull (c.1834-1890)
Places Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Dakota Territory, South Dakota, Black Hills, Wyoming, Big Horn County, Montana Territory, Montana, United States
Keywords Battle of Rosebud, army, military, armed forces, Indian Agent, Office of Indian Affairs, government, government relations, battle, war, warfare, soldiers
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Plains, Plateau, Great Basin, California
Additional Information Surgeon, topographical engineer, and Pine Ridge Indian agent. Michigan born Valentine McGillycuddy practiced medicine there briefly before serving as a topographical engineer and surgeon for the U.S. Lake Survey under Comstock, the 1874 U.S. Boundary Survey, and the 1875 Walter P. Jenney expedition to the Black Hills. He later was a surgeon with Gen. George Crook at the Rosebud action and on the Black Hills march, and at Camp Robinson, Nebraska. In 1879, McGillycuddy was appointed agent for the Oglala Sioux (later also a Cheyenne band) at the Pine Ridge Agency. Although considered an excellent agent, McGillycuddy’s tenure was marred by confrontation with Red Cloud and his supporters. He was relieved in May, 1886, as a result of political manueverings. Later serving on the Dakota governor’s staff, McGillycuddy observed the 1890 Battle of Wounded Knee and tended its wounded. He died in California in 1939.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference Ayer MS 3127
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue