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Title Narrative of the expedition to Cibola undertaken in 1540 [manuscript]: translated into English by Brantz Mayer
Author Castañeda de Nájera, Pedro de
Document Type Manuscript; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Castañeda de Nájera’s account of an expedition to Cibola, New Mexico, led by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, from 1540-1542. Inspired by the tales brought back by earlier explorers, Nuño de Guzmán and Fray Marcos de Niza, of Cibola’s great wealth, Viceroy Antonio Mendoza organizes an expedition to explore the region and bring back treasures of silver and turquoise. The first part of the chronicle narrates the journey of discovery, from the departure from Compostela on February 23, 1540, to the arrival at Cibola, which turns out to be only a poor pueblo village of the Zuñi Indians. The men discover other native settlements at Tusayan, Triguex, and Acoma, encounter hostile Indians, and see bison for the first time. A smaller scouting party succeeds in reaching the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in August of that year, and in September, another group reaches the Rio Grande. The second part describes the Indians--including the construction of their pueblos and kivas, their customs, religion, agriculture, and dress, as well as flora and fauna of the region. The third part concludes with the return of the expedition to Mexico, having been unsuccessful in finding any riches.
Names Coronado, Francisco Vásquez de (1510-1554); Ayer, Edward Everett (1841-1927); Mayer, Brantz
Places Cibola, Tusayan, Triguex, Acoma, New Mexico, Grand Canyon, Arizona, Colorado River, Rio Grande, United States; Compostela, Mexico
Keywords personal account, expedition, discovery, prospecting, travel, travelogue, hostility, buffalo, scouting, observation, alliance, social life, custom, dress, agriculture, subsistence, hunting, religion, exploration, translator, translation, New Spain
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, Mesoamerica
Additional Information UNIFORM TITLE: Relación de la jornada de Cíbola
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1058
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue