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Title Notes on Shabni and Billy Caldwell collected by William D. Barge [1922?]
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Typescript carbon copy of notes on the Indian chiefs Shabonee and Billy Caldwell, compiled by William D. Barge, probably around 1922, from various sources, both primary and secondary, dated between 1816 and 1916. Barge begins with notes from an article by Rev. N.W. Thornton, which appeared in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 5 (July 1912): 256-260, entitled Shabbona: the white man’s friend. Also included are E.S. Braffet’s memoir Shaubena, taken from Recollections of the pioneers of Lee County (Dixon, Ill., 1893); a brief personal description of Shabonee from William Bross’ History of Chicago; Henry Hurlbut’s Billy Caldwell and Shabonee from Chicago antiquities; William Hickling’s short biographies on Caldwell and Shabonee, which he wrote to accompany his 1877 donation to the Chicago Historical Society of a Billy Caldwell letter, dated Aug. 1, 1816 in Amhurstburg; and Col. G.S. Hubbard’s narrative of the two Indians, taken from v. 10 of the Fergus historical series. There are also several half-page notes on Shabonee’s family, his death, and the spelling and meaning of his name from Bulletin 30 of the Handbook of American Indians, and from a Feb. 10, 1916 article in the Dixon morning leader. Finally, Barge includes notes culled from papers donated to the Chicago Historical Society by James Grant Wilson; excerpts on land grants to Caldwell fom the July 29, 1829 treaty of Prairie du Chien between the Chippewas, Ottawas, and Potawatamies, and excerpts from Frank E. Stevens’ work on the Black Hawk War.
Names Shabni (c.1775-1859); Caldwell, Billy; Black Hawk
Places Kane, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Keywords chief, history, personal account, council, frontier, cultural assimilation, war, government relations, armed forces, treaty
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Additional Information Caldwell's Indian name spelled in various ways including Shabbona and Shabonee.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 51
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue