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Title Noticia breve de la expedicion militar de Sonora y Cinaloa, su exito feliz, y ventajoso estado en que por consecuencia de ella se han puesto ambas provincias [manuscript]
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Unsigned report, dated June 17, 1771 in Mexico City, on the successful results of a recent military campaign in Sonora and Sinaloa to pacify the Indians. Although the two provinces constitute one of the richest mineral areas of Mexico, the continuing raids and massacres by the Seris, Piatos, and Sibubapas have caused many of the settlers to abandon their homes and work in the mining districts there. Although troops have been sent in, the Indians constantly elude them and hide in remote areas of the craggy terrain. Finally, in 1768, a company of 100 volunteers from Spain forces the Indians to surrender. The provincial government promises to insure control of the mining sites which attract thousands of prospectors, such as the recently-discovered gold deposits at Cieneguilla and the gold and silver mines at Aguas Frías and Cornelio. In addition to assigning priests and judges to the various sites to maintain order and tranquility, a mint has been established to produce a circulating currency needed to conduct commerce. Finally, in response to requests from peaceful tribes such as the Papagos, Nijoras and Opas, 10 missionary priests are being sent from the Colegio de la Santa Cruz in Querétaro. Now the only obstacle to the development and defense of the northern area are the Apaches, who terrorize the province of Nueva Vizcaya. Once they are expelled from the province, a line of internal presidios can be built to defend the Spanish settlers, as recommended by the Marqués de Rubí on his recent tour of inspection.
Names Marqués de Rubí
Places Sonora, Sinaloa, Cieneguilla, Aguas Frías, Cornelio, Colegio de la Santa Cruz, Querétaro, Mexico
Keywords battle, armed forces, colonial forces, Spain, New Spain, peace, massacre, settlement, white settlers, white settlement, mining, government, government relations, prospecting, gold, religion, church, law, law and order, money, commerce, business, fort, colonialism, Mexican
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1178
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue