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Title Olin Dunbar Wheeler papers, 1892-1924
Author Johnson, Charles Buck
Document Type Manuscript; Official Record; Map
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Mainly material relating to Wheeler’s investigations of Custer and the Battle of Little Big Horn, but also a few items regarding the Pacific railway route, newspaper articles about Wheeler, and reviews of his The Trail of Lewis and Clark. Little Big Horn material includes correspondence with individuals interested in or involved in the battle (Custer’s wife, the photographer D.F. Barry, F.F. Girard, Capt. E.S. Godfrey, Theodore W. Goldin, Capt. Charles King, C.A. Lounsberry, Valentine McGillycuddy, Richard A. Roberts, and T.A. Warburton). There are also battlefield maps drawn by Indian guides in 1892, a questionnaire completed by Bob Failed Horse, Medicine Bear, and Spotted Blackbird in 1902, and Wheeler’s manuscript and proof copies for the 1893 issue of Wonderland. Pacific railway route material includes typed transcripts of Senate and House debates regarding the issue, 1853-1859, and an undated typescript of an article by Wheeler, "Pacific Railway Congressional Debates of Antediluvian Days."
Names Grimes, Marshall
Places Arkansas, Texas, United States
Keywords Confederacy (CSA), Office of Indian Affairs, letter, US Civil War, Indian Agency, government, government relations, map, railroad
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the US Government
Additional Information

Military and Indian provision contractor and quartermaster’s agent. Residing during the 1840s at Fort Smith, Ark., and moving ca. 1860 to Sherman, Tex., Johnson and his business partner, Marshall Grimes (Johnson and Grimes) contracted with the U.S. in 1859 to provide subsistence to the Indians of the Wichita Agency. From 1861 until his resignation in Feb., 1863, Johnson acted as C.S.A. quartermaster’s agent in Sherman, Tex., and obtained supplies for the Confederate army and the Wichita Agency Indians. In Dec., 1863, Johnson and Grimes entered into another contract with the C.S.A. to deliver daily rations to the Wichita Reserve Indians and the Osages and Seminoles. Claiming that his provisioning activities preserved peace among the Indians of the Old Southwest, Johnson in 1866 sought reimbursement from the U.S. commissioner of Indian affairs.

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Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 3220
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue