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Title Ordenanças hechas por el sr. visorrey don Antonio de Mendoça sobre las minas de la Nueva España... [manuscript]
Author Mendoza y Pacheco, Antonio de (1495-1552)
Document Type Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Early mining laws of New Spain, formulated by the first viceroy Antonio de Mendoza in Mexico City in 1550. Mendoza’s laws of 1550 are preceded by the texts of two other viceregal orders: the order of July 31, 1543 requires that all mines be registered, and establishes conditions under which a mine may be declared abandoned. A second order of March 13, 1548 revokes the previous one, and outlines new terms for registration and ownership of mines. The laws of 1550 deal with some of the problems not addressed in the earlier orders, especially the registration of mines. New miners were given provisional possession of a claim for three months, and registration was mandatory. The laws also describe how the mines were to be staked out; how ownership was to be determined, should more than one miner claim possession; and how adjacent mines were to be worked. The laws were promulgated in Mexico City, Taxco, Sultepec, and Zumpango, as well as in other mining areas of New Spain.
Places Mexico City, Taxco, Sultepec, Zumpango, Mexico; Spain
Keywords law, legislation, government, politics, mining, commerce, business, Spain, New Spain, colonialism
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1140
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue