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Title Orders [manuscript]: 1778 Oct. 26
Author De Peyster, Arent Schuyler (1736-1822)
Document Type Official Record; Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Letter of instructions (Oct. 26, 1778) written by Major De Peyster, commandanct at Fort Michilimackinac, to Capt. Langlade and his nephew Lieut. Gautier de Verville. In this document, De Peyster instructs Langlade and Verville to join Henry Hamilton, Lieut. Governor of Detroit, against the rebel sympathizers in the Illinois country. They are also ordered, with the help of De Peyster’s interpreter Ainsse, to assemble a force of Potawatomi Indians at Fort Joseph, Michigan.
Names Hamilton, Henry (d. 1796); Ainsee, Joseph-Louis (1744-1802); Langlade, Charles (1728-1800); Gautier de Verville, Charles
Places Fort Saint Joseph, Fort Michilimackinac, Mackinaw City, Michigan, Illinois country, United States
Keywords directive, British Colonialism, British North America, US War of Independence, army, armed forces, war
Theme American Indians and the European Powers; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Language French
Additional Information

Arent Schuyler De Peyster, British army officer, was born in 1736 the son of a prominent New York family. Following duty in the Seven Years’ War, De Peyster was appointed in 1774 commandant of Fort Michilimackinac, the only British-garrisoned outpost on the Great Lakes above Detroit during the American Revolution. He served in this capacity until 1779. With the assistance of his interpreter, Joseph-Louis Ainsse, and a former French officer and fur trader, Charles-Michel Mouet de Langlade, De Peyster was able to raise Indian war parties to fight in the British war effort on the western frontier. After the Revolution, De Peyster returned to England and eventually retired to Scotland where he died in 1827.

Newberry: Signed: At. S. DePeyster. Official wax seal attached.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 235
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue