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Title Papers [manuscript]: 1734-1767
Author Cuming, Sir, Alexander (c.1690-1755)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Commonplace books, memorials, note, and military appointment of Sir Alexander Cuming, 1734-1767, mainly concerning Cuming’s attempts during 1755 to extricate himself from debtors’ prison and his past services to the crown. In addition to the many draft letters and memorials noting Cuming’s efforts to bring the Cherokees under British sovereignty, signs of royal favor, etc., there are numerous versions of insolvency claim statements listing properties in South Carolina and the Cherokee region, and variously dated essays and notes on such diverse topics as the conversion of pagans and Jews, visions, national banks, and sums of infinite mathematical series. Correspondents include Stephen Theodore Janssen (Lord Mayor of London), the Lords of the Regency, the Earl of Harrington, William Morehead, and George Lewis Scott. The 1734 military appointment, possibly signed by the first Duke of Newcastle, designates Cumings a captain in an independent company of foot in Jamaica.
Names Harrington, Earl of, William Stanhope (c.1690-1756); Janssen, Sir, Stephen Theodore (d.1777); Morehead, Esquire, William; Scott, George Lewis (1708-1780)
Places South Carolina, United States; Jamaica; London, United Kingdom
Keywords army, British North America, British Colonialism, debt, prison, property, religion
Theme American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast, Caribbean
Additional Information Second baronet of Culter, eccentric Scottish promoter and visionary, Royal Society member, and self-proclaimed king of the Cherokees. Born in Scotland around 1690 and briefly a member of the Scottish bar (1714-1718), Sir Alexander Cuming is best known for his unofficial mission (1729-1730) to the Cherokees, which resulted in his crowning as king and return to England accompanied by seven Cherokee chiefs. Cuming then spent several years hoping to be confirmed as overlord of the Cherokees, advocating various banking and settlement plans, and experimenting with alchemy. Following a lengthy imprisonment for debt and ten years as a poor brother of the Charterhouse, Cuming died in 1775.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 204
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue