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Title Papers [manuscript]: ca. 1815-1831
Author Cass, Lewis (1782-1866)
Document Type Official Record; Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Report to the War Dept.(?), ca. 1815, and correspondence, 1825-1831, of Lewis Cass, mainly regarding treaties with Indian tribes and proposals for the organization and direction of U.S. Indian policy. Report, with endorsement title, "System for organizing the Indian Dept.," recommends encouraging individual property holdings, paying annuities on time, increasing the distribution of presents, forbidding British traders on American territory, preventing U.S. citizens from trespassing on or taking possession of Indian lands, and compensating more generously for the cession of land. Correspondence discusses arrangements for a land cession treaty concluded Sept. 20, 1828, with the Potawatomis at St. Joseph, Michigan, and for an Aug., 1825, treaty concluded at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, with 134 Potawatomi, Chippewa, Sioux, Sauk, Fox, and Menominee chiefs, promoting peace and defining boundaries between the tribes. Also letter of introduction written by Cass as Secretary of War. Correspondents include Alexander Wolcott and Joseph Gales.
Names Gales, Joseph (1786-1860); Wolcott, Alexander (1790-1840)
Places St Joseph, Detroit, Michigan, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, Washington, D.C., United States
Keywords treaty, government, government relations, Office of Indian Affairs, trade, property, annuity, land cession, border
Theme American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast, Great Plains
Additional Information Cass was a soldier, diplomat, and statesman. Born in New Hampshire in 1782 and educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, Lewis Cass began his term as Michigan territorial governor and superintendent of Indian affairs in 1813, following successes as an Ohio lawyer and War of 1812 officer. By the time Cass left Michigan in 1831 to head the War Dept., he had encouraged settlement of the territory and pursued an Indian policy based on annuities and gifts, military protection, a soundly regulated Indian Dept., educational and farming expenditures, and opposition to the government factory system. He also concluded nearly two dozen treaties with Indian tribes under his jurisdiction.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 601
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue