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Title Petition [manuscript]: [San Felipe del Real, Mexico?], to Charles III, [1777 Oct. 26?]
Author Miera y Pacheco, Bernardo (b.1713)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary signed copy of a petition by Capt. Bernardo Miera y Pacheco to Charles III, the king of Spain, stating his achievements and requesting a commission as captain of the militia of New Mexico in recognition of his loyalty to the king. The petition describes Miera’s years of service in New Mexico, beginning in 1743 when he settled in the presidio and pueblo of Paso del Río del Norte (now El Paso del Norte, Mexico) and took part in five campaigns against the Apache and Zuma Indians. As militia captain and engineer, Miera mapped the province of El Paso, and later, under Alonso Rubín de Zelis, he explored and mapped the area along the banks of the Río del Norte, for which he received no salary. He then moved to Santa Fe with his family, and led three campaigns against the Comanches. Miera describes his recent 1776 expedition with the Franciscan priests Atanasio Domínguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante to open a route northwest from New Mexico to the port of Monterey on the California coast. In conclusion, after noting the valiant services to the Spanish crown by his father Luis de Miera and his grandfather, Antonio Pacheco, Miera requests command of the militia of New Mexico, with salary, as a reward for his loyalty and achievements. Although undated, the memorial most likely dates from October 26, 1777, as do the other two mss. with which it is bound.
Names Charles III; Zelis, Alonso Rubín de; Miera, Luis de; Pacheco, Antonio; Vélez de Escalante, Silvestre (d.1792); Domínguez, Francisco Atanasio
Places El Paso del Norte, Rio del Norte, Mexico; Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States; Spain
Keywords petition, Spain, New Spain, militia, Mexican, government, legislature, money, payment, map, exploration, Franciscans
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information BOUND WITH: Letter [manuscript]: San Phelipe el Real de Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Charles III, 1777 Oct. 26 and Letter [manuscript]: Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Joseph de Galvez, 1777 Oct. 26, Newberry library references Ayer MS 1164 and Ayer MS 1166.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1165
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue