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Title Reflections on the different states & conditions of society [manuscript]: with the outlines of a plan to ameliorate the circumstances of the Indians of North America, 1823
Author Hunter, John Dunn (c.1798-1827)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Essay written in 1823 at the behest of the Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England, in which Hunter portrays Indians as moral individuals who deserve to be saved from destruction and presents a plan to establish them on farm settlements. Hunter proposes to begin with the Quapaw who lived near his own Arkansas White River lands.
Keywords Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in America, cultural assimilation, Christianity, religion, missionary
Theme Missionaries and Education
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Plains
Additional Information Captive, frontiersman, and author. Seized by the Kickapoo Indians at an early age (ca. 1800) and raised by the Kansas and Osage tribes west of the Mississippi, Hunter learned to read and write after returning to white society in 1816. In 1823 he wrote "Memoirs of a Captivity among the Indians of North America," and travelled to London where he was widely acclaimed. At the urging of the Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the Parts Adjacent in North America, Hunter wrote "Reflections ..." which contained his plan for civilizing the Indians of his acquaintance. Hunter allowed its publication only for the use of the Company and its friends. Upon his return to America, Hunter found his writings condemned as fraudulent by Lewis Cass, William Clark, and other men prominent in western affairs. He spent his remaining years attempting to establish a refuge for displaced tribes in the Mexican Republic (now a part of Texas), which culminated in the short-lived Republic of Fredonia. Hunter was murdered in 1827.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 398
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue