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Title Relaciones de todas las cosas que en el Nuevo Mexico se han visto y sabido, asi por Mar como por tierra, desde el año de 1538 hasta el de 1676 [i.e. 1626] [manuscript]
Author Zárate Salmerón, Gerónimo
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Hand-copied transcript, probably from around 1890-1905, of the Relaciones, accounts of the early history of New Mexico and California from 1538 to 1626, collected and compiled around 1627 or 1628 by the Franciscan missionary Father Gerónimo Zárate Salmerón. Zárate Salmerón includes not only information based on his first-hand experience in New Mexico from 1621 to 1626, but accounts from other people as well, no matter how speculative. He describes explorations of the Pacific coast of California in 1538, and Sebastian Vizcayno’s 1596 voyage from Acapulco to Cape Mendocino. He also discusses Coronado’s expedition of 1540 to discover the great mythical city of Quivira. Sections 33 through 57 present the occupation of New Mexico under the leadership of Juan de Oñate. Throughout the chronicle, there are descriptions of the landscape; the appearance, customs, and conversions of Indian tribes such as the Zuni, Navajo, Acoma and Picuri; and the animals, fish, and other resources of the region, such as pearls, garnets, mother-of-pearl, coral, and gold. Preliminary materials include the official "approval" by Fray Francisco de Velasco, dated Aug. 18, 1629 in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City.
Names Zárate Salmerón, Gerónimo; Velasco, Francisco de; Vizcaíno, Sebastián (c.1550-1615); Oñate, Juan de (c.1549-1624)
Places New Mexico, California, United States; Mexico City, Mexico
Keywords history, personal account, observation, Franciscan, missionary, travel, exploration, discovery, custom, culture, animal, prospecting, gold, Spain, New Spain, colonialism
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information

AT HEAD OF TITLE: "Archivo General de Indias. Sevilla. Estante. Cajon. Legajo."

Leaf [1]: "Accounts of everything seen and learned in New Mexico, both by sea and land, from 1538 until 1676--By Padre Fray Geronimo de Garate y Salmeron, Preacher of the Order of the Minors of the province of the Santo Evangelio, directed to our most Reverend Padre Fray Fransisco de Apodaca, of the province of Cantabria, and Commissary-General of all the provinces of New Spain. Mss from the Biblioteca Nacional (National Library), Madrid."

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference Ayer MS 1273
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue