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Title Relaciones de todas las cosas que en el nuevo Mexico se han visto ,y sabido assi por Mar como por tierra desde el año de 1538 hasta el de 1626... [manuscript]
Author Zárate Salmerón, Gerónimo
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Copy of the Relaciones, collected and compiled around 1627 or 1628 by the Franciscan missionary Father Gerónimo Zárate Salmerón. Zárate Salmerón includes both information based on his first-hand experience in New Mexico from 1621 to 1626, and accounts from others as well, no matter how speculative. He describes explorations of the Pacific coast of California in 1538, and Sebastian Vizcayno’s 1596 voyage from Acapulco to Cape Mendocino. He also discusses Coronado’s expedition of 1540 to discover the great mythical city of Quivira. Sections 33-57 present the occupation of New Mexico under the leadership of Juan de Oñate. Throughout, there are descriptions of the landscape; the appearance, customs, and conversions of Indian tribes such as the Zuni, Navajo, Acoma, and Picuri; and the animals, fish, and other resources of the region, such as pearls, garnets, mother-of-pearl, coral, and gold. The official "approval" of the content by Fray Francisco de Velasco is dated Aug. 18, 1629 in the convent of San Francisco in Mexico City. The copy also includes the "apuntamientos" or comments on Zárate Salmerón’s work, written many years later by a Jesuit, Fray Juan Amando Niel, possibly an apocryphal name (cf. Ernest J. Burrus, "A forged commentary on Zárate’s Relaciones del Nuevo Mexico, Hispanic American historical review, vol. 42). Niel corrects and expands Zárate’s accounts, portions of which he quotes at length; clarifies place names; and adds some description of the geography, terrain, fauna, and minerals of New Mexico.
Names Zárate Salmerón, Gerónimo; Velasco, Francisco de; Vizcaíno, Sebastián (c.1550-1615); Oñate, Juan de (c.1549-1624); Niel, Juan Amando
Places New Mexico, Cape Mendocino, California, United States; Mexico City, Acapulco, Mexico
Keywords history, personal account, observation, Franciscan, missionary, travel, exploration, discovery, custom, culture, animal, prospecting, gold, Spain, New Spain, colonialism, Jesuit, naming
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1274
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue