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Title Relation de la Louisianne [manuscript]: [ca. 1735]
Document Type Manuscript; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Unsigned, undated account of the discovery, history, geography, native peoples, flora and fauna of Louisiana and the Mississippi River Valley, probably by an early French settler, from around 1735. The account begins with La Salle’s discovery of Louisiana in 1685, and includes a brief historical narrative of its settlement, noting the importance of the Compagnie des Indes. Sections dealing with the Chickasaw (Chicachas) and Choctaw Indians describes their customs, religion, and relations with the French, and includes lists of Chickasaw towns and the number of men in each. The author’s detailed descriptions of the trees native to Louisiana, such as cedar, laurel, willow, sassafras, wax-myrtle, walnut, persimmon, olive, and wild cherry, as well as grapevines and lilacs, convey an appreciation for the richness and beauty of the forests; and he observes the commercial potential in the cultivation of the pomme de raquette, from which cochineal is gathered. Also included are descriptions of native animals and birds, the climate, and the cities of New Orleans, Natchez, and Mobile. The author hopes to be able to witness the economic development of the colony.
Places Mississippi River Valley, New Orleans, Louisiana, Natchez, Mississippi, Mobile, Alabama, United States
Keywords sea, personal account, travel, travelogue, history, exploration, discovery, pioneer, indigenous peoples, social life, vegetation, animal, settlement, white settlement, custom, religion, government, government relations, town, population, forest, river, commerce, economy, business, climate, city, map, New France
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Language French
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 530
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue