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Title Report of the voyage of Captain Francisco de Lucenilla to the Californias in 1668 [manuscript]
Author Lucenilla y Torres, Francisco de
Document Type Manuscript; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Summary account of the voyage of Captain Francisco de Lucenilla from Mazatlán, across the Gulf of California, and up the eastern coast of Baja California, from April 29-July 4, 1668. Lucenilla was commissioned by the viceroy, the marqués de Mancera, to explore the Baja peninsula in order to establish settlements in California, and to search the Gulf of California for pearl oyster beds. The first section of the ms., dated April 29, 1668 and signed by Lucenilla and other witnesses, includes the names of the two Franciscan priests who accompanied the expedition, Juan Cavallero Carranco and Juan Bauptista Ramírez, as well as the other crewmembers; a description of the ships; and an inventory of supplies and provisions. The report then traces the route of the group from Chacala, near Compostela, to Mazatlán, Isla Espiritu Santo, Puerto de la Paz, around the tip of the peninsula to Cabo San Lucas and San Bernabé Bay, and then up the eastern coast to Bahía de la Concepción. Lucenilla describes the Indian "rancherías" or settlements which they encounter along the way, and laments the failure of the expedition to locate any areas suitable for settlement or any rich pearl oyster beds. They return to New Spain after only two months, ending the voyage in Guaymas, near the mouth of the Yaqui River. This sworn account of the voyage, for presentation to the viceroy, is dated July 4, 1668 on board the captain’s ship, and is signed by Lucenilla, Fathers Cavallero and Ramírez, and the crewmembers.
Names Cavallero Carranco, Juan; Ramírez, Juan Bauptista; Toledo, Antonio Sebastián de, marqués de Mancera (d.1715)
Places Gulf of California, California, United States; Baja California, Chacala, Compostela, Mazatlán, Isla Espiritu Santo, Puerto de la Paz, Cabo San Lucas, San Bernabé Bay, Bahía de la Concepción, Guaymas, Yaqui River, Mexico; Spain
Keywords travel, travelogue, personal account, expedition, settlement, agriculture, Franciscans, observation, supplies, Spain, New Spain, colonialism
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area Mesoamerica, California
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1125
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue