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Title Speeches [manuscript]: 1797-1799
Author Burbeck, Henry (1754-1848)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Two speeches of Henry Burbeck at Fort Mackinac to assembled Indian councils: the first in Aug., 1797, regarding French and Spanish agents fomenting discord between the U.S. and the Indians; and the second in Sept., 1799, concerning a young Indian’s attack on a soldier. As the U.S. entered a quasi-war with France in 1797, it was feared that Indians and French Canadians would attack Fort Mackinac and other frontier posts. Burbeck relays the presidential offer of rewards for the delivery of foreign agents and their plans, and urges continued peace. In his 1799 speech, Burbeck asks assembled tribal leaders (probably Ottawa and/or Chippewa) to remind their young men that with peace no revenge can be sought for relatives lost in war, explains the prior detainment of chiefs, and emphasizes the chiefs’ responsibility for their prisoner’s good conduct.
Places Fort Mackinac, Mackinac Island, Michigan, United States
Keywords council, agent, France, Spain, attack, frontier, war, peace, chief, captive, government relations, religion, supplies, goods
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Additional Information Burbeck was the U.S. army commander at Fort Mackinac, 17 Aug 1796 - 08 Nov 1799.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 121
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue