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Title Storia della California
Author Clavigero, Francesco Saverio (1731-1787)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Spanish translation of Clavigero’s history of Baja California, from the early discoveries of Cortés in 1534 to the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1768. The history is divided into 4 books: the first describes the geography of the Baja California peninsula, its flora and fauna, and the customs and social and religious life of the Indian tribes of the area. The second book documents early attempts to colonize the peninsula, the arrival of the Jesuits, the establishment of the first six missions, the difficulties encountered by the missionaries, and the explorations and death of Father Eusebio Kino. Book Three presents the founding of eight additional missions, with accounts of the lives of other great missionaries such as Piccolo, Salvatierra, Basaldúa, Ugarte, and Mayorga. The final book discusses the keen interest of the Spanish king, Felipe V, in the settlement of California, and his endorsement of new explorations further north to the Colorado River. Clavigero concludes with the founding of the last four missions, the status of Christianity in the peninsula, and finally, the expulsion of the Jesuits from the area in 1767.
Names Cortés, Hernán (1485-1547); Philip V (1683-1746); Kino, Eusebio; Piccolo; Salvatierra; Basaldúa; Ugarte; Mayorga
Places Baja California, Mexico; Spain; Colorado River, California, United States
Keywords translation, history, expedition, discovery, travel, Jesuit, observation, custom, social life, religion, colonialism, missionary, death, Spain, New Spain, Christianity
Theme Missionaries and Education
Culture Area California, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information Clavigero was a Jesuit scholar, historian, and linguist. Born in Veracruz, Mexico, Clavigero was a gifted student of classical, modern, and native languages, philosophy, and history; and after joining the Jesuit order in 1748, he authored many religious and historical treatises. When the Jesuits were expelled from Mexico in 1767, Clavigero settled in Italy, and began compiling material for his Storia antica del Messico, which he published in Italian in Cesena in 1780-81 and which established his reputation as an accurate and objective historian. In spite of poor health, Clavigero managed to finish a history of Baja California, Storia della California, in 1786, a year before his death.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1064
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue